The IAS is a tough exam which contains a huge number of syllabus and scientific temper of the students as well. But it does not mean that average students can't face this exam. Even some exceptional cases have proved that people are able to pass the exam without help as well. If you are in the dilemma that only brilliant students write this exam and there is no space for the average people you are at wrong position. The correct way to see the difficulty of this exam is to compare it with your hard work. If you are passionate and dedicated towards cracking IAS exam nobly can stops you from the IAS exam preparation at any stage.
the average students have to put some extra hard work to get the taste of success as compared to the other top notch students. But regular hard work and strong motif drive success towards everyone.
The candidates, who opt for an Indian Language medium to write Civil Services (Main) Exam, may choose either the same Indian Language or English or Hindi as the medium for the interview.
The candidates, opting to write the Civil Services (Main) Examination in English, may choose as the medium for interview either English or Hindi or any other Indian Language opted by them for the compulsory Indian Language Paper.
However, the candidates, who are exempted from the compulsory Indian Language Paper, will have to choose either English or Hindi as medium of Interview of Personality Test.
The UPSC prescribes a common syllabus pattern for services such as the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise) to name a few.
The Civil service exam is conducted in three phases:
Phase 1:Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective Type)
Phase 2:Civil Services (Mains) Examination (Descriptive Type)
Phase 3: Personal Interview (Personality Test)
Phase 1: Preliminary Examination:
The Preliminary Examination is composed of two components:
1) General Studies
|I||General Studies (GS)||200||2 Hours (9:30AM to 11:30 AM)|
|II||CSAT||200||2 Hours (2:30PM to 4:30PM)|
2) Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT)
- Broadly, the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination consists of two papers of objective type, each of 200 marks (hence totalling 400 marks) and of two hours duration. In order to qualify for the Civil Services Mains, a candidate must attempt both the papers.
Further, the General Studies (GS) paper consists of 100 questions, while the CSAT paper consists of 80 questions. Both papers have negative marks for wrong answers marked to the tune of 1/3rd of the total marks assigned to that question.
- To further illustrate this, each correctly answered GS question will be awarded 2 marks. So, 0.66 marks would be deducted from the total for every question that is wrongly marked.
- Similarly, in the CSAT paper, since we have 80 questions for 200 marks, correctly answered CSAT question would attract 2.5 marks each, while every wrongly marked question would attract a penalty of 0.833 for each such wrong answer, which will be deducted from the total.
- Questions that are not attempted will not attract any negative marks.
1) General Studies (Generally conducted between 9:30 AM to 11:30 AM)
The General Studies test is the first paper of the preliminary examination. This test is intended to test the general awareness of a candidate in a wide range of subjects that include: Indian Polity, Geography, History, Indian Economy, Science and Technology, Environment and Ecology, International Relations and associated current affairs.
2) Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT)
(Generally conducted between 2:30 PM to 04:30 PM)
- This test is intended to assess the aptitude of the candidate in solving ‘Reasoning and Analytical’ questions, apart from ‘Reading Comprehension’ and the occasionally asked ‘Decision Making’ questions.
- The ‘Decision Making’ based questions are generally exempt from negative marks.
- The preliminary examination is only meant for screening a candidate for the subsequent stages of the exam.
- The marks obtained in the Prelims will not be added up while arriving at the final rank list.
Syllabus for GS Paper (Prelims Paper I)
- Current events of national and international importance.
- History of India and Indian National Movement.
- Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
- Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
- Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
- General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialisation General Science
Syllabus for CSAT Paper (Prelims Paper II)
- Interpersonal skills including communication skills
- Logical reasoning and analytical ability
- Decision-making and problem solving
- General mental ability
- Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. - Class X level)
Phase 2: Civil Services (Mains) Examination Syllabus
- The Mains examination constitutes the 2nd phase of the Civil Services Examination. Only after successfully qualifying the prelims examination would the candidates be allowed to write the Mains examination.
- The Mains examination tests the candidate’s academic talent in depth and his/her ability to present his/her understanding according to the requirements of the question in a time bound manner.
- The UPSC Mains exam consists of 9 papers, in which two are qualifying papers of 300 marks each:
I. Any Indian Language
II. English Language Paper
Criteria for qualifying the Language Paper:
The papers on Essay, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates who attain 30% marks in Indian Language Paper and 25% marks in English Language Paper as a minimum qualifying standard in these qualifying papers, will be taken cognizance of, for evaluation.
In case a candidate does not qualify in these language papers, then the marks obtained by such candidate will not be considered or counted.
Structure of the language papers:
The type of questions asked are �
1. Essay � 100 marks
2. Reading comprehension � 60 marks
3. Precis Writing � 60 marks
4. Translation :
- English to compulsory language (e.g. Hindi) � 20 marks
- Compulsory language to English � 20 marks
5. Grammar and basic language usage � 40 marks
The rest of the seven papers can be written in any of the languages mentioned under the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India or in English.
Let us take a look at these papers:
|Paper - I||Essay (Can be written in the medium or language of the candidate's choice)||250|
|Paper-II||General Studies- I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)||250|
|Paper-III||General Studies- II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)||250|
|Paper-IV||General Studies- III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)||250|
|Paper-V||General Studies- IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)||250|
|Paper-VI||Optional Subject - Paper I||250|
|Paper-VII||Optional Subject - Paper II (A Candidate can also take up literature as an optional subject and candidate need not be a graduate in that language’s literature.)||250|
Candidates may choose any one of the ‘Optional Subjects’ from the list of subjects given below:
|Optional Subjects||Literature Language|
|Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science||Arabic|
|Commerce and Accountancy||German|
|Political Science and International Relations||Punjabi|
Phase 3: Interview/Personality Test (275 Marks)
- Candidates who qualify the UPSC Mains Exam will be called for the ‘Personality Test/Interview’. These candidates will be interviewed by a Board appointed by the UPSC.
- The objective of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in the civil services by a board of competent and unbiased observers.
- The interview is more of purposive conversation intended to explore the mental qualities and analytical ability of the candidate.
- The Interview test will be of 275 marks and the total marks for written examination is 1750.This sums up to a Grand Total of 2025 Marks based on which the final merit list will be prepared.
IAS Officer is a person appointed by the President of India for the state and PCS Officer is a person appointed by the Governor for the state services.
The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is a branch of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Positions within the IAS provide stature within the community and open pathways to success as a government official.
Step 1:- Become familiar with the syllabus for each exam. Read over the topics on the syllabus for each part of the preliminary exam. The General Studies Paper consists of 100 questions and the General Ability Test contains 80 questions.
Step 2:- Understand the competitive nature of the exam. Each year 5-10 lakh aspirants register and sit for the exam. Less than 1% of the number of aspirants are chosen for the IAS.
Step 3:- Begin your test preparation early. Check the current year�s schedule for the dates of the preliminary exams. Several months of preparation should be done to ensure that you are ready for the variety of questions that may be asked.
Step 4:- Choose an optional subject for which you have passion and familiarity. You will need to become intimately knowledgeable about your optional subject. Begin studying this topic early, and continue to keep up with the information through the end of the mains and interview.
Step 5:- Read the newspaper every day. Stay informed about current events from the local to the international level. Focus on the economic and political sections without worrying about the entertainment news as much.
Step 6:- Study a variety of subjects. The IAS exams cover a broad range of topics. You need to be well versed in a number of subjects to be successful. Here are a few focus areas included in the Preliminary Papers
- Geography: both Indian and World Geography are important areas.
- History: knowledge of key events and social movements is required.
- Polity: the structure of the Indian Constitution, judicial processes, and international relations are all included.
- Economics: micro and macro aspects of the Indian economy should be understood.
- Environmental Science: Climate, agricultural issues, and pollution should be studied in depth.
- Arts and Culture: historical and contemporary study of Indian music, dance, literature, architecture, and painting are all covered during the exam.
Step 7:- Review previous years' exam questions. Read over questions from old tests and familiarize yourself with the types of questions being asked. The content and distribution of questions will change from year to year, but the general format remains largely the same.
Step 8:- Polish your language and communication skills. Although the mains can be taken in a number of languages, preliminary papers are given in Hindi and English. It is important for aspirants to be well studied in Hindi and English.
Step 9:- Read as many books as you can find. Because the IAS exams cover so many varied topics, reading books on almost any subject can be helpful. Review book lists from previous toppers. Read classic literature. Study non-fiction books of various topics such as historical biographies or
Step 10:- Take practice tests. Find practice tests online to prepare yourself for the time limits and formatting of the test. When you take a practice test, try to make the environment like the one you will experience on test day. Find a quiet place where you won�t be disturbed. Set a timer. Take the entire test in one sitting. Review the answers when you are finished to learn from your mistakes.